What Should Be Cited
For every paper or project you prepare for a class, you will need to include a bibliography or list of the information sources used. If you have used someone else's ideas, words, images, data, media, etc., you need to give credit to them as the authors or creators.
Your professor and anyone else who reads your work needs to be able to identify and locate the sources you used. Plus, citations lend credibility and authority to your research paper or project!
Golden Rule: If you are not the original author or creator of a resource you incorporate into your paper or project, you need to cite it!
What's In This Guide
There are number of different citation styles and they vary by research discipline.
This guide includes information on several of the most commonly used citation styles (MLA, APA, and CSE), as well as a few discipline-specific ones that are required by faculty in some UMF courses.
If you are not sure which citation style to use for a course, ask your professor.
For more information about incorporating sources into your research papers and projects and using information ethically, check out these additional resources: